California has life without parole. A jury decides the sentence. The
Governor has the exclusive authority to grant clemency, unless the
prisoner has twice been convicted of a felony; in that case, a
recommendation of the State Supreme Court with four justices concurring
is necessary. No clemencies have been granted since Furman.
California executed a foreign national, Jaturun Siripongs from Thailand, despite pleas for clemency from that country. California
also executed Manuel Babbitt, a former Marine who had been given one of
the country's highest medals for being wounded in action. Babbitt suffered from post-traumatic stress syndrome after his service in Vietnam.